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Analysis of the status quo of domestic nitrogen spring industry

Time:2021-05-23    Edit by TengFei

The domestic spring is developing at a high speed. Who is responsible for the "cruel reality"? Anything has advantages and disadvantages. While the development of springs is advancing at a high speed, there will be unavoidable shortcomings, and these shortcomings will undoubtedly drag down the development.

1. The structural similarity of domestic spring products leads to excessive market competition

The result of price diving is that both sides suffer. The most typical motorcycle spring price drops again and again. It is now close to the cost of raw materials. Many companies are no longer profitable and are forced to withdraw from the field. The direct consequence of fierce price competition is Product quality is declining, corporate profits are declining, the company lacks the necessary capital accumulation for development, the equipment is unable to update, and the development of the company has no stamina.

2. Lack of opportunities to participate in simultaneous development

The foreign automobile industry generally adopts the model of synchronous development of parts and complete vehicles. Through collaborative development, parts factories can not only gain valuable development experience, but also take this opportunity to set up technical barriers to prevent other companies in the name of patents and intellectual property rights. Engage in the research and development and production of the same product. Most of the current automobiles in our country are imported models from abroad, which are subject to restrictions on product development and approval.

3. Small business scale

There are about 1,600 spring factories in the whole industry, most of which are private private enterprises. The whole industry employs about 30,000 people. The largest Chinese spring factory in the industry has more than 900 employees. The average scale of the whole industry is less than Twenty people are a typical industry dominated by small businesses. There is a huge disparity in the fixed assets of enterprises. The smallest individual enterprises have fixed assets of only tens of thousands of yuan, while the largest enterprises amount to hundreds of millions of yuan. The industry's average labor productivity is less than 70,000 yuan, and it is also an industry where labor-intensive and manual operations dominate.

4. The degree of intensive production of domestic springs is low and cannot be scaled up

Take suspension springs as an example. The company with the largest output only produces more than 1 million pieces per year. The combined output of all companies in the country is still less than the annual output of Japan's NHK. Due to the low degree of intensification, some enterprises have emptied their production capacity, and other enterprises have repeatedly invested, resulting in a waste of resources.

5. Relevant industries have insufficient support for the spring industry

Spring production cannot lack the support of raw materials and spring design manufacturing, and these two aspects are precisely the weaknesses. It is well known that the quality of domestic raw materials is not high, and the gap in equipment level is also well known. Compared with foreign companies, they can not only use local materials, but also Large-scale counterparts such as Japan's Central Clockwork, South Korea's Dayuan Steel Industry, German Krupp, and M&B have their own wire processing production lines. Only raw materials, foreign counterparts, have taken the lead.

6. Due to the continuous production of new spring enterprises, domestic springs have heated up price competition

A considerable number of old state-owned and collectively-owned enterprises are difficult to compete with new private enterprises due to the system, historical burdens and obsolete equipment. These enterprises have difficulties in operating, and are currently being sold and reformed by shareholding systems to get out of the predicament, such as Hangzhou Spring The factory has been restructured into a joint-stock company, and some other companies that are currently operating well are also in the process of restructuring. On the contrary, some private enterprises that have completed the original accumulation are ambitious and are planning new development plans in order to improve their product quality and competitiveness.

7. The level of enterprise development varies

The equipment level of advanced enterprises is equivalent to that of the early 1990s. They have a complete set of production lines and complete testing equipment imported from abroad, and better-developed enterprises have also purchased some key equipment from Germany, Japan, Italy and Taiwan, but such enterprises It has not yet achieved a logistics line production. In contrast, the equipment level of most enterprises is not high. A large number of equipment from the 1980s or even the 70s has not been updated, and manual production accounts for a considerable proportion. Compared with the quality level of technical equipment of foreign counterparts, the management level has a larger gap. In terms of information management methods, a few companies have begun to adopt computer management, and most companies still use traditional management models.